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Nursing Management of dental caries ppt

02.dental caries 1. Dental Caries 1 2. Definition • Dental caries is defined as a microbiological disease of the hard structure of teeth, which results in localized demineralization of the inorganic portion and destruct on of the organic substances of the tooth Dental caries 1. DENTAL CARIES 2. Dental caries and periodontal disease are probably the most common chronic disease in the world. Although caries has affected humans since prehistoric times, the prevalence of this disease has gently increased in modern times on a world while basis, an increase strongly associated with dietary change 02/07/19 113 CARIES RISK ASSESSMENT CARIES RISK ASSESSMENT is absolutely necessary to select optimal therapeutic regimens for the prevention, diagnosis, and management of caries as an infectious disease. It is done to identify the risk factors that may contribute to dental caries as well as any protective factors. Factors include plaque. Management of Deep Caries - Dental caries is an infectious micro-biologic disease of the teeth that results in localized dissolution & destruction of the calcified tissues To know more read this PPT about what dental care tips suggested by dentist in The PowerPoint PPT presentation: DENTAL CARIES is the property of its rightful owner.. The child who has nursing caries has an increased risk of developing caries even in permanent dentition. The child with caries is also susceptible to other heath hazards. The treatment of nursing caries may prove to be financial burden for some parents. 19. Aims: I. Management of existing emergency II

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02.dental caries - SlideShar

  1. erals, vita
  2. Dental caries can occur soon after eruption of the primary teeth, starting at 6 months of age. The most recent national survey (1988-1994) indicated that 52% of children 5 to 9 years of age have experienced dental caries;4 of children 2 to 5 years of age, 18.7% have at least
  3. Prevention and Management of Dental Caries in Children 1 oduction Intr 1.1 Why this guidance has been developed • Tens of thousands of children in Scotland suffer from dental caries. • Many of these children endure pain and infection. • Even if children do access dental care, much of the disease remains untreated
  4. Disease management care, such as self-management goal review, was not limited to only exam and hygiene visits, allowing for risk-stratified care, regardless of what the patient had an appointment for. The DentaQuest Partnership for Oral Health Advancement provides examples of caries disease management metrics. The metrics used during this pilot.
  5. Oral Health and general health Oral cavity provides one of the body's greatest defenses Entry point for bacteria, foreign bodies and insults to enter into the body Healthy oral conditions allow for an effective means of reducing the chance of pathogen introduction The more oral disease there is -the less effective a barrier to pathogens the oral cavity can provid
  6. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Prevention Of Dental Caries PPT. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Prevention Of Dental Caries PPT

Mean patient costs for all dental care, including 1st month 1 Mean costs of care were estimated using generalized linear models, adjusting for patient age, gender, race, ethnicity, type of dental insurance, and spoken language 12 *Funded by DentaQuest Institute Samnaliev M, Wijeratne R, Grace Kwon E, Ohiomoba H, Ng MW In our opinion, collaborative care delivered via an interprofessional team has the potential to identify patients at caries risk early so they can benefit from effective caries management strategies to avoid a lifetime of dental caries disease and associated quality-of-life sequelae and health care costs Table 1 summarizes the causes of dental caries. Prevention and control of dental caries 1. Increase the resistance of the teeth.21-25 Systemic use of fluoride: (i) Fluoridation of water, milk and salt; (ii) fluoride supplementation in the form of tablets and lozenges; and (iii) consuming a fluoride-rich diet such as tea, fish, etc World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for Best PowerPoint Templates from Presentations Magazine. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect

Dental caries - SlideShar

PPT - Chapter 35 Management of Patients With Oral and

In the 2007 Advances in Pediatrics article on dental caries by Drs David Krol and Michael Nedley, the state of the science for dental caries was well presented [1]. This article focuses on recent updates on the dental sciences regarding caries management of particular interest to medical health care providers so that they may be fully informed of new interprofessional opportunities for them to. Prior to a 1998 National Institutes of Health-sponsored Early Childhood Caries Conference, dental caries in preschool children was referred to as baby bottle syndrome, nursing bottle caries, or baby bottle tooth decay. 6 Each of these names was associated with rampant caries presumed to be caused by inappropriate use of a baby. Purpose: Dental caries is the most common disease of children and remains a significant oral health problem worldwide for both children and adults. The traditional paradigm of treating dental caries solely by drilling and filling, brushing and flossing and lowering sugar intake has evolved. Current science in the management of dental caries suggests a clear focus on the reduction of.

At the clinical dental practice level, caries diagnosis also has a significant impact since it rules treatment decisions. The diagnosis of early caries lesions has been considered the cornerstone of cost-effective health care delivery and quality of dental care.6 The ability to accurately detect the develop Moreover, the importance of dental care for these children has often been overlooked by the health planners. This paper reviews commonly seen oro-dental problems in children with special needs and causes of their increased prevalence, various barriers to accessing dental care, and management of oral diseases in this population of children Dental management of an autistic child requires in-depth understanding of the background of the autism and available behavioural guidance theories. The dental professional should be flexible to modify the treatment approach according to the individual patient needs. Key words:Autism spectrum disorder, dental management, children 1. To introduce risk-based caries management and tailored care. 2. To understand the continuum of the caries disease process. 3. To describe strategies for managing caries using patient-centered, evidence-based minimally invasive techniques. 4. To address the critical role of the hygienist in caries management 3 most common dental diseases are caries, periodontal disease and oral cancer. Dental caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood. Dental is the most unmet health need. There are many other oral health issues that are less common, but still require care

Dental caries and periodontal disease infections of parents. and children. III. Intra- and Extra-Oral Examination. Table 50-1 lists child age-specific soft and hard tissue. conditions/pathology and identifies significance to. dental hygiene care.7. Evaluate the head and extremities for any abnormalities. or signs of child abuse Adult patients with IDD are facing many challenges ad dental office. They are considered as underserved population, the literature suggests low access of dental care (1) , higher caries risk, higher periodontal disease risks, higher tooth lost (2) (3) when compared to regular population Children with Special Health Care Needs have many health care problems and dental needs may be overlooked, including: Inability to cooperate . Lack of motor skills. Lack of access to specialized dental care. Medication side effects, including: reduced saliva. increased caries risk due to sugar based medicatio • Seizure management during treatment: Remove all dental instruments from the mouth. Clear the area around the dental chair. Stay with the child and turn child to one side. Monitor airway to reduce risk of aspiration. Note time seizure begins: if seizure continues >3 min call EMS - Danger of Status Epilepticus (potentially life threatening) DENTAL CARIES. Mr. Vinay Kumar DENTAL CARIES Dental caries also known as Tooth decay, or cavities, it is a Progressive bacterial damage to tooth enamel. • Dental caries is defined as a microbiological disease of the hard structure of teeth, which results in localized demineralization of the tooth. • Dental caries are the permanently damaged areas in the hard surface of the teeth that.

Level 3 Diploma in Dental Nursing - 5234 Unit 315 Management of oral health diseases and dental procedures Below contain all areas that make up the 315 dental exam, please be aware of all the learning outcomes, assessment criteria and range, and ensure you revise thoroughly in all these areas And, dental caries is the most common chronic disease among youth aged 6-19 years. And about 92% of adults aged 20 to 64 have had dental caries in their permanent teeth. Are dental caries the same as cavities? The terms dental caries and cavities are often use Dental caries continues to be a serious problem. Affecting 2.4 billion people, it is the most prevalent disease worldwide.1 Although a highly prevalent condition, the impact of childhood dental caries is often underappreciated as the disease is rarely life-threatening or overtly limiting on daily activities. However, it carries significant consequences for children in terms of day-to-day. d. Dental caries: After standard RT there is a pro-found shift in the oral microflora to a predominance of acidogenic microbes, primarily Streptococcus mutans and lactobacilli, coincident with a decrease in salivary flow, and an increase in caries risk. 42-44 Dental caries in irradi - ated patients may develop rapidly, as early as three months.

Management of early childhood caries and rampant carie

Dental Management of Patients with Renal Failure By: Sina Moshiri Classification of Renal Failure • The kidney compensates for the loss of a nephron through hypertrophy of the remaining nephrons. Thus, kidney function is maintained until roughly 50% of functional nephrons hav INTRODUCTION: Any dentist who cannot find any cavity of decay on any tooth with the explorer and mouth glass needs a competent assistant to make his examinations for him, and not a roentgen-ray machine. C. Edmund Kells before the American Dental Association November 10-14, 1924 1.. Dental caries is an infectious microbiologic disease of the teeth that results in localized dissolution. management of pit and fissure caries 2010 This work was funded by the Health Research Board (Grant No. S/A013) Recommended citation: Irish Oral Health Services Guide line Initiative. Pit and Fissure Sealants: Evidence-based guidance on the use of sealants for the prevention and management of pit and fissure caries. 2010

PPT - DENTAL CARIES PowerPoint presentation free to view

Purpose: This study evaluated the knowledge of dental assistants (DA) and hygienists (DH) on dental trauma management and dental caries prevention. Secondarily, other aims were 2-fold: (1) to update the assistants/hygienists through courses supported on scientific evidence-based information and (2) to evaluate their job satisfaction The International Caries Classification and Management System (ICCMS™) is a comprehensive set of clinical protocols that address all diagnostic, preventive and restorative decisions necessary to preserve tooth structure and restore only when indicated, which is the mission adopted at the Temple University Caries Management Pathways workshop, in 2012 [] Dental caries is a common chronic infectious, transmissible disease resulting from tooth-adherent specific bacteria, primarily Streptococcus Mutans that metabolize sugars to produce acid, which over time, demineralizes the tooth structure. This activity describes the evaluation and management of dental caries and highlights the role of the.

caries and enamel erosion. Dental erosion is increasing and is associatedwith dietary acids, a major source of which is soft drinks. Despite improved trends in levels of dental caries in developed countries, dental caries remains prevalent and is increasing in some developing countries undergoing nutrition transition C. Risk Factors for Dental Caries 1155 Behavioral factors (inadequate biofilm removal) Dietary factors (frequent use of cariogenic foods/bever - ages) Low fluoride Tooth morphology and position (deep occlusal pits and fissures, exposed root surfaces, rotated positioning) Xerostomia Personal and family history of dental caries/restorative dentistr

Theories of dental caries

Early childhood caries - SlideShar

ASD. The entire office staff, from the receptionists to the dental assistants, can be educated on how to properly manage these patients and welcome them into your dental practice. Ideally, to reduce caries rates it is crucial to teach primary caregivers how to provide optimal home care. 2 Oral Health Fact Sheets for Patients with Special Needs. Introduction. In general dental practice, much energy and time is devoted to the restorative treatment and retreatment of dental caries. On a day-to-day basis, it is easy to focus on repairing cavitations (the end result of the disease process), rather than evaluating and treating the early pre-cavitation stages, or tackling the critical risk factors that fuel the disease process itself. 1. Dental management for dental abscess is either root canal procedure with removal of the necrotic pulp or tooth extraction. Periapical inflammation can lead to a cellulitis of the face characterised by a rapid spread of bacteria and their breakdown products into the surrounding tissues causing extensive oedema and pain When decay reaches the inner material of your tooth (pulp), you may need a root canal. This is a treatment to repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth instead of removing it. The diseased tooth pulp is removed. Medication is sometimes put into the root canal to clear any infection. Then the pulp is replaced with a filling

The prevalence of mitral valve prolapse in patients with Down syndrome: Implications for dental management. Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology, 66, 445-7. Barnett, M.L., Press, K.P., Friedman, D., & Sonnenburg E.M. (1986). The prevalence of periodontitis and dental caries in a Down's syndrome population With so many competing demands on time and resources, dental care may end up becoming a low priority for families affected by CF. Inadequate or irregular use of dental care may increase caries risk. CURRENT KNOWLEDGE OF DENTAL CARIES. The aforementioned risk factors indicate that individuals with CF should be at high risk for dental caries The use of fluoride in public water supplies, in toothpaste, and in professional dental products, improved oral hygiene, and increased access to dental care have played major roles in this dramatic improvement. Nevertheless, dental caries remains a significant problem Oral health of children with special health care needs has been one of grey areas in the field of pediatric dentistry. There has been a general agreement that disabled population has higher prevalence of dental caries, poor oral hygiene, and compromised gingival and periodontal health than the otherwise healthy population. In the past the emphasis has been made on providing basic dental care. Immunology of dental caries: a review. The mouth is colonized by variety of microorganisms from birth and most of them are commensals, they become pathogenic, when the host responses are altered. The factors which are responsible for maintaining oral health are the integrity of the mucosa, saliva, gingival crevicular fluid and their humoral and.

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  1. The management of MPS patients with gross caries therefore presents an additional challenge for clinicians. The intellectual disability and neurological symptoms that present in several types of MPS often necessitates dental intervention under general anesthetic. 1 , 4 This can produce significant challenges for the anesthetist and varying.
  2. General anesthesia to facilitate dental treatment may add anywhere between $1,500 to $6,000 to the cost of dental care. 9 Early childhood caries also may contribute to other health problems, such as weight loss, although the evidence for this is inconsistent. 1
  3. Geriatric dentistry is the delivery of dental care to older adults involving diagnosis, prevention, management and treatment of problems associated with age related diseases. The mouth is referred to as a mirror of overall health, reinforcing that oral health is an integral part of general health
  4. Good-quality restorative care , as and when caries is diagnosed, would also obviate the need for extractions of primary teeth under general anaesthesia for thousands of children, particularly in the UK. A treatment philosophy which the authors believe is effective in the management of caries in children is shown in Table 8.1
  5. chapters discuss diet and nutrition, plaque control and fluorides, and dental caries. Dental subspecialties including endodontics, orthodontics, restorative dentistry, periodontics, and surgery, each have their own dedicated sections. The concluding chapters cover oral pathology, forensics, lasers, dental advances, and research

Artificial sound enamel and caries enamel lesions were prepared. The sound enamel did not emit fluorescence in the visible spectrum. The spectrum of Zn(II)-protoporphyrin-9 biofilm from caries enamel lesions showed the fluorescence emitted by Zn(II)-protoporphyrin-9, with two main peaks at 630 and 690 nm. The luminescence properties of protoporphyrin-9 change depended on the amount of Zn(II) Discuss how the five phases of the nursing process may be used to provide effective nursing care (1500-2000) Introduction The nurse as a health care provider meets the total needs of the patient and this need to be done in an attentive and cautious way as there is life involved

  1. Hospitality, Leisure, Travel and Tourism IndustriesLeadership and Nursing Care Management - E-BookThe Book of LeadershipSkills for Collaborative MinistryFederal Yellow BookEmployee Training and Development, 7eThe IBM Style GuideFederal Regional Yellow BookEnergy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005McDonald and Avery's Dentistry for the.
  2. Nurse-initiated removal protocol of unnecessary urinary catheters in non-intensive care units: A detailed protocol In non-intensive care units the goal is to have the patient's bedside nurse, as part of the daily nursing assessment, note the urinary catheter's presence and evaluate whether or not the catheter is still indicated
  3. Slide 29 of 61 of Management of dental caries
  4. imally invasively as possible. Other urgent dental care: Extensive dental caries or defective restorations.
  5. • Caries Risk Assessment • Clinical, historical and social risk factors are used to determi ne if the child is likely to have caries or not. • Anticipatory Guidance • Co-active counseling prior to the event happening. • Diagnosis • Medical Record • Clinical Exam • Radiographic Exa
  6. Staff training (primary care providers and dental professionals) Caries Risk Assessment EMR/EDR Interfaces/Information Sharing Oral Health Screenings in Medical Health Screenings in Dental Patient/Caregiver Educational Materials Preventive Therapies Referral Process (medical to dental and vice versa) Case Management Warm-Handoff
  7. Dental plaque: A biofilm composed of microorganisms that attaches with acquired pellicle (crust) to the teeth and causes dental caries and infections of the gingival tissue. Halitosis: Offensive breath commonly caused by poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infections. Xerostomia: Dryness of the mouth caused by reduced saliva secretion

View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Prevention Of Dental Caries In Children PPT. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Prevention Of Dental Caries In Children PPT sitis, caries, cracked lips, and fissured tongue.2 • Root caries (or root decay). About 50 percent of elderly individuals who are older than age 75 have root caries affecting at least one tooth. This population is at a higher risk for root decay because of increased gingival recession that exposes root surfaces, as well as increased use of.

Management of early childhood caries and rampant caries

Dental caries management: A practical approach for your

  1. Education and changes in behavior, with appropriate preventive care, are critical to reducing the patient's caries risk. There are many sources for patient/parent information. The following resources can help: For the Dental Patient 'For The Dental Patient' is prepared by the American Dental Association in cooperation with The Journal of th
  2. Review of Circumstances Leading to Development of This Policy. Oral health is an integral part of the overall health of children. 1 Dental caries is a common and chronic disease process with significant consequences. As health care professionals responsible for the overall health of children, pediatricians frequently confront morbidity associated with dental caries
  3. The state shall ensure quality, affordable, accessible and available oral health care delivery. GOAL: Attainment of improved quality of life through promotion of oral health and quality oral health care. OBJECTIVES GENERAL: Reduction on the prevalence rate of dental caries and periodontal diseases from 92% in 1998 to 85% and from 78% in 1998 to.
  4. g years and will focus on caries prevention, restorative treatments for carious lesions, and carious lesion detection and diagnosis. Download guideline. Evidence-Based Resource
  5. Odontogenic infections, consisting primarily of dental caries and periodontal disease (gingivitis and periodontitis), are common and have local (eg, tooth loss) and, in some cases, systemic implications.In the United States, it is estimated that 25 percent of adults over the age of 60 have lost all their teeth (edentulism), approximately one-half from periodontal disease and one-half from.
  6. Adapted from Ramos-Gomez FJ, Crystal YO, Ng MW, Crall JJ, Featherstone JD. Pediatric dental care: prevention and management protocols based on caries risk assessment. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2010;38(10):746-761; American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Pediatric Dentistry and Oral Health. Preventive oral health intervention for pediatricians

Ppt Prevention-of-dental-caries Powerpoint Presentations

  1. imally invasive, nonsurgical treatments to control the disease before restoring form and function. 30,31 Many treatments would fit under this nonsurgical umbrella, including active.
  2. Dental caries is still a major oral health problem in most industrialized countries, affecting 60-90% of schoolchildren and the vast majority of adults. It is also a most prevalent oral disease in several Asian and Latin-American countries, while it appears to be less common and less severe in most African countries
  3. People with special needs are those whose dental care is complicated by a physical, mental, or social disability. They have tended to receive less oral health care, or of lower quality, than the general population, yet they may have oral problems that can affect systemic health. Improving oral health for people with special needs is possible mainly through community based dental care systems
  4. e appropriate management. 1
PPT - Etiology PowerPoint Presentation, free download - ID

Dental Caries Management in Children and Adults - National

school hours are lost each year because of dental problems related to caries. 3 Dental caries is a complex disease with individual-, family-, and community-level influences.4 Several population groups are particularly vulnerable to caries. For example, children and youth with special health care needs are at increased risk Introduction. Dental caries is still one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the U.S. 1 According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2004, 92% of adults age 20 to 64 have experienced dental caries in their permanent teeth. 2 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention currently report that over 19% of children ages 2 through 19 years have untreated dental caries.

PPT - Prevention of Dental Caries PowerPoint presentation

Last month, fellow RN Remedies® blogger, Nicole Freedman, talked about the importance of taking care of your child's teeth early on in life. One of her tips was how you should never allow your child to sleep with a bottle that has milk, juice or other sweet liquids. This is because it can lead to early childhood caries (ECC). Formerly known as baby bottle tooth decay or nursing caries, ECC. A Refresher to Caries Risk Management Strategies. Dental caries is defined as a biofilm-mediated, sugar-driven, multifactorial, dynamic disease that results in the phasic demineralization and remineralization of dental hard tissues. 1 It is a progressive and chronic process enabled by the continuous provision of a sugar source, often. History of Dental Caries in Alaska Native People 1984 1925 Archeological records show caries rate of ~1% 1928 - 1930's Studies show lowest caries rate in the world Improved air transportation and dietary changes Prevalence of dental caries in children 2x same aged U.S. children 1999 Vast majority of children have dental caries Price, WA. 1939

PPT - Disorders of the Digestive System PowerPoint

The caries balance: the basis for caries management by

There is a high risk of caries with these patients, especially root caries. Harding, J. Dental care of cancer patients before, during and after treatment. BDJ Team 4, 17008 (2017). https. GoalPrevent and control oral and craniofacial diseases, conditions, and injuries, and improve access to preventive services and dental care.OverviewThe health of the teeth, the mouth, and the surrounding craniofacial (skull and face) structures is central to a person's overall health and well-being.1, 2 Oral and craniofacial diseases and conditions include Dental caries is the most prevalent condition recorded in permanent teeth by the GBD 2010 Study (global prevalence of 35%) (Marcenes et al., 2013), especially in children: notwithstanding its decrease over the last decades, it is still the 10th most prevalent health condition in children worldwide Dental caries is a preventable disease, 6 and caries prevention is the most important aspect of oral care for children undergoing cancer therapy. 7, 8 The child and parents should be counseled on oral hygiene techniques. 6, 7, 9, 10 The teeth and tongue should be brushed at least twice each day with a soft-bristled nylon toothbrush

PPT - EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DENTAL CARIES :- PowerPoint

Dental sealant a plastic film coating that is applied on to caries-free chewing surfaces of teeth to seal pits and fissures where food, and bacteria usually become trapped and act as a barrier to decay .sealant is an agent that is put on the surface to protect against access from the outside or leakage from the inside.some of the examples of pediatric dental sealant are resin based sealant Dental caries may be defined as a bacterial disease of the hard tissues of the teeth characterized by demineralization of the inorganic and destruction of the organic substance of tooth. It is the most prevalent oral disease worldwide. It is a multi-factorial disease caused by the interaction of three principal factors; a susceptible host. Historically, dentists have used a surgical model for the treatment of dental caries. Management of the disease consisted of treating cavitations with restorations. 1 Eventually, it became clear that restorations dealt with an end result of the disease rather than its etiologic causes. 1 A new paradigm took shape that is perhaps best exemplified using the caries management by risk assessment. Dental caries are common, but they can often be prevented by practicing good dental hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing. Dental caries usually do not require emergency medical care unless they become painful, do not respond to over-the-counter pain relievers, or progress to a tooth abscess Dental treatment is one of the most common reasons for administering general anaesthesia to children. Most operative paediatric dentistry is carried out to treat dental caries, which is a preventable disease of the mineralized tissues of the teeth

Dental Caries - Advances in Pediatric

In the 1960s the caries theory was depicted as 3 circles representing the 3 prerequisites for dental caries: the tooth, the diet, and dental plaque . Since then, many modifying factors have been recognized, resulting in a more complex model that includes saliva, the immune system, time, socioeconomic status, level of education, lifestyle. DENTAL CARIES. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, is the most common chronic disease of childhood, 1 with 25% of children ages 2-5 years 27 and 59% of teenagers having at least 1 documented cavity. 28 Most adults develop cavities and, of great public health concern, nearly 25% of adults 20-64 years have untreated dental caries. 29 Dental.

Pediatric dental care: prevention and management protocols based on caries risk assessment. J Calif Dent Assoc 2010;38(10):746-61. Pearce MS, T WM, Walls AW, Steele JG. Lifecourse socio-economic mobility and oral health in middle age. J Dent Res 2009;88(10):938-41. Colorado Child Health Survey Dental caries is still one of the most prevalent preventable diseases worldwide, with prevalence in some countries over 90% in 3-5 year-olds. It is a behaviourally moderated biofilm mediated disease, with dietary 'fermentable carbohydrates', specifically free-sugars, as the driving aetiological factor [1, 2] Dental treatment of patients with leukemia should be planned on the basis of antineoplastic therapy which can be chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy and bone marrow transplantation. Many are the oral manifestations presented by these patients, arising from leukemia and/or treatment. In addition, performing dental procedures at different stages of treatment (before, during, or after) must. Dental caries is the world's most prevalent noncommunicable disease (Marcenes et al. 2013).Caries and cavities affect sufferers across the life course (Selwitz et al. 2007; Pitts et al. 2017) and globally are responsible for the largest burden of all disease (Marcenes et al. 2013).Untreated caries and cavities can adversely affect the quality of life of sufferers in multiple ways (Pitts et. The success of integrated dental care is exemplified by the services for haemophilia and cancer, where caries rates for children with haemophilia and who receive regular dental care, are lower than controls. 31- 33 The emphasis of preventive dental care lies on patient and family education, dietary advice, plaque control, fissure sealants. The International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) - refer to ICDAS Training PowerPoint A simple, logical, evidence-based system for detection and classification of caries in dental education, clinical practice, dental research, and dental public healt